Mastic is a natural resin from the trunk and branches of the mastic tree (Pistacia Lentiscus var. Chia). Secretion was induced by scratching lentiscus by sharp instrument. Mastic appears as tear scratches and falls to earth in drops. When secretion has a sticky and clear liquid to solidify into irregular shapes after 15-20 days. The form, after solidified, is crystalline and the original is rather bitter taste, to leave quickly, leaving a particular flavor which gives uniqueness.
Mastic Chios since 1997, has been designated as a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) under no. 123/1997 Regulation (L0224 / 24-1- 97) of the European Union and is registered in the relevant Community list of Product PDO.
The Shina or mastic tree scientific Pistacia Lentiscus var. Chia - is evergreen shrub height of 2-3 m, which grows slowly to get the final form after 40-50 years, while the production of mastic is possible after the fifth year of planting. The mastic tree is a hardy plant, only susceptible to frost and abuse. The new plantations coming branches of older trees (cuttings) and old with renewed scions or layering.
Shina or plants of this family are the principal element of the maquis paramesogeion countries, but only in Chios, tree and nature in a magical recipe give us pleasure, relief and healing through the precious "tears" of mastic.
The Mastic Villages
Mastic, as was normal, gave the name to the medieval villages in southern Chios Mastic as described. This is the common name of the villages of southern Chios, because only there the mastic mastic tree grows in the holding until today is the main source of income for local residents.
The establishment of settlements dating from the Byzantine period, but the years of Genoese (1346-1566), when the culture of systematized Mastichas, they take their final form and despite the damage and destruction they have suffered over the centuries still are monuments of cultural heritage.
Today, Mastic is produced in 24 villages which are labeled as traditional settlements or preserved by the Greek Ministry of Culture. These villages are: Agios Georgios, Armolia, Vavyloi, Vessa, Mountain, fir, Exo Didyma, the Tholopotami, Thymiana, Kalamoti the Kallimasia the Waterfall, lithium, Mesa Didyma, Mesta, Ant, Nenita, the Nechori, Olympi, the trap, the Father, the towers and Flatsia.
Mastic Chios recognized since ancient times, both for the special aroma and for its healing properties. It is recorded as the first natural gum of the ancient world, used for cleaning the teeth and fresh breath. The still used in cosmetics, cleaning the face and body. Participated as an active ingredient in a number of pharmaceutical prescriptions and iatrosofia, have occasionally been reported in the international pharmacopoeias. He has also recorded over the centuries because of its beneficial properties on human health and contribute to the relief of various diseases.
In the modern era, the scientific community, even with a delay, but with sound and scientifically acceptable methods, comes to confirm and document the beneficial effects of Chios mastic. It turns out most scientifically that Chios Mastic shows beneficial effects in diseases of the digestive system, contributing to oral hygiene, presents significant antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity, a natural antioxidant, while contributing to wound healing and regeneration of epidermis.
Already today, a number of announcements in prestigious international journals, confirming the historically documented properties of Mastic of Chios. These communications are based on results of laboratory investigations and clinical studies conducted by independent researchers both in Greece and internationally, which gradually reveal the Mastic of Chios has unique beneficial and therapeutic properties.
Arguably the uniqueness of Chios mastic due to its excellent healing properties, in a world exclusive of birthplace on the production and rare perfume. But uniqueness is enhanced by a super-friendliness and the fact that loved and incorporated into the culture of different peoples and cultures, particularly in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Chios Mastic has extensive applications and uses a reservoir of inspiration in the field of food and beverage, pharmaceutical and the chemical industry and in the production of cosmetics and perfumes.